Regarding British Gas
British Gas is an power and
also house companies in the
United Kingdom. It is the trading name of British Gas
Solutions Limited and British Gas New
Heating Limited, both subsidiaries of Centrica.
Offering around twelve million homes in the UK, British Gas
is the most significant power supplier in the nation and
also is taken into consideration among
Big Six dominating the gas
and also electrical energy market in the United Kingdom, according to the British Gas Wikipedia page.
Background of British Gas
The Gas Light and Coke
Business was the first public utility
company worldwide. It was started by Frederick Albert Winsor as
well as included by Royal Charter on 30
April 1812 under the seal of King George III
It continued to thrive for the next 136 years, broadening right into domestic services
whilst taking in several
smaller sized business including the Aldgate Gas Light and Coke Company (1819 ), the City of London Gas Light and also Coke
Company (1870 ), the Equitable Gas Light
Firm (1871 ), the Great Central Gas Consumer's Business (1870 ), Victoria Docks Gas Firm (1871 ), Western
Gas Light Firm (1873 ), Imperial Gas Light and also Coke Firm (1876 ), Independent Gas Light
and also Coke Business (1876 ), the London
Gas Light Firm (1883 ), Richmond Gas Business (1925 ), Brentford Gas Company (1926 ), Pinner Gas Company (1930) as well as Southend-on-Sea and Area Gas Firm (1932 )
On 1 Could 1949, the GLCC became the major part of the new North
Thames Gas Board, among Britain's twelve local gas board
after the passing of the Gas Act 1948
In the early 1900s, the gas market in the
United Kingdom was primarily run by area councils and small
Right now using a flammable gas
as a gas was still being marketed to consumers, by such
ways as the National Gas Congress as well as
Exhibit in 1913. The gas made use of in
the 19th and also very early 20th centuries was
coal gas, yet in the period of 1967-- 77, British
domestic coal gas supplies were
changed by natural gas.
In 1948, Clement Attlee's Labour government reshaped the gas sector,
bringing in the Gas Act 1948. The act (on the vesting day
of 1 April 1949) nationalised the gas market in the United
Kingdom and 1,062 independently
possessed as well as municipal gas firms were merged
right into twelve location gas boards, each a separate body with its very own administration framework.
The twelve gas boards were: Eastern, East Midlands,
Northern, North Eastern, North Thames, North West, Scottish, Southern, South
Eastern, South West, Wales, as well as West Midlands. Each
location board was separated right into
geographical groups or departments which were
frequently more divided right into smaller districts. These boards merely ended up being called the "gas board", a term still
in some cases used when
referring to British Gas.
the Gas Act established the Gas Council, its constitution was such
that control lay effectively with the
area boards. The council contained a
chair and replacement chair, both selected by the preacher, and the chairs of each of the twelve area boards.
The council acted as a
network of communication with the preacher;
took on work negotiations; took on
research study; and also worked as
agent for the gas market
The Gas Act 1965 shifted the
equilibrium of power to the centre: it put the Gas Council on the
exact same footing as the area boards,
with the powers to obtain up to ₤ 900
million, to manufacture or acquire gas and to provide gas in bulk to any location board.
In Could 1968, the Gas Council moved to huge new offices at 59 Bryanston Street, Marble Arch, London.
In the very early 1970s, the gas
sector was once again reorganized after
the Gas Act 1972 was passed. The act combined all the area boards and created the
British Gas Company.
From its beginning, the firm was in charge of
advancement and also maintenance of the supply of gas to Great Britain, along with
pleasing the reasonable
need for gas throughout the nation. Its leadership,
like that of the area boards, was appointed as well as supervised by the Secretary of State for Profession
and also Sector up until 1974, when those
powers were vested in the newly produced position of Secretary of State for Energy.
Federal government led by Head of state Margaret Thatcher
introduced the Gas Act 1986, where brought about the privatisation of the firm,
as well as on 8 December 1986, its shares floated
on the London securities market as British Gas
plc. In the hope of encouraging individuals to become
investors, the deal was promoted with the "If you see Sid ... Inform him!"
The going public of 135p per share valued the company at ₤ 9 billion, the highest equity offering ever at the time.
In February 1997, eleven years after it had actually
been privatised, British Gas demerged to become the completely different BG Team and also the
Gas Sales and also Gas Trading,
Providers as well as Retail companies. The Gas Sales and also Gas Trading and also Providers and also
Retail businesses, together with the gas production company of the North as well as South Morecambe gas
areas, were transferred to Centrica, which continuouslies possess and also
run the British Gas retail brand name. British Gas
acquired Dyno-Rod in October 2004.
British Gas is led by its Taking care
of Director, Mark Hodges, who supervises a company that
offers energy and also
services to eleven million homes, as
well as employs over 28,000 personnel based throughout the UK. In Might 2007, British Gas signed a site bargain which saw 1,000 Volkswagen Caddy vans being supplied to the company, which were fitted with a bespoke racking
system and also a rate limiter, made by Siemens. The bargain was renewed in September 2015.
In April 2016, it was announced that
consumers had actually left the firm, pointing out clients coming to the end of
their fixed bargains then moving on to
various other vendors as the major factor for this loss.
In the exact same month (April 2016)
British Gas likewise revealed
they would be closing a phone call centre and workplace in
Oldbury (West Midlands), with a loss of roughly
British Gas Marketing, Sponsorship and Marketing.
British Gas has actually proactively been
associated with sporting activities sponsorship,
including a six-year handle
the British swimming group which commenced in March
2009, and is anticipated to net the
group ₤ 15 million as well as from 2006 to 2009, it
sponsored the Southern Football League of England.
television advertising and marketing has
actually featured numerous
high profile people, and also in the
very early 1990s, one advertisement consisted of
Cheryl Tweedy as a small child,
greater than ten years before the beginning
of her popular song profession.
In November 2012, the Details
Commissioner's Office publicly
detailed British Gas as one of a number of companies that it had problems regarding due to unwanted telephone calls for advertising and marketing. The issues
were based upon complaints. In
reaction, British Gas stated
that "We maintain the highest criteria when getting
in touch with individuals in their
houses, as well as just
make use of contact details if
we have express approval
to do so.".
In July 2014, regulatory authority Ofgem
got to an arrangement with British Gas for the
firm to pay ₤ 1 million in compensation to thousands of individuals,
who had been encouraged to switch from various other
distributors to British Gas by British Gas
advisers making use of
exaggerated insurance claims. On 20 September
2015, British Gas launched an advert, including their
brand-new mascot, Wilbur the Penguin.
Distribution network operators.
British Gas is an power
vendor for residences across the
nation. The infrastructure (pipes) which supplies the gas to consumers is had and maintained by other companies. They
do not, however, manage
the network of towers and also wires that distributes electrical power-- these are maintained by
distribution network operators (DNOs) which vary from area to region. If, for example, there is a power blackout it
is needed to
call the ideal DNO as opposed to the energy provider.